Racial disparities in mental health outcomes: Possible explanations for unexpected advantages among African American adolescents

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Dr. Cynthia Colen, Department of Sociology
Rank at time of award: Assistant Professor

Abstract

The objective of this study is to better understand the racial patterning of mental health among African- Americans and Whites in the United States, with a particular focus on adolescents. This period of the lifecourse represents a time when individuals are establishing identities and relationships that are likely to shape future trajectories concerning educational, occupational, and health-related consequences. Specifically, I will investigate the extent to which demographic (ie. racial and socioeconomic) characteristics of an individual’s friendship network impact the likelihood of developing suboptimal psychological functioning. Thus, this research effort explicitly investigates linkages between individuals and their social context and how these connections facilitate or inhibit subsequent mental wellbeing. Doing so will contribute to existing health disparities research by (1) widening the focus of this knowledge base to include mental as well as physical health outcomes; (2) examining paradoxical outcomes for which disease rates among African-Americans are similar to or better than those among Whites; and (3) shifting the emphasis from a purely individualistic approach toward one in which interactions between individuals and the social environments is emphasized.

Publications resulting from this seed grant

Colen, C.G., Ramey, D.M. and Browning, C.R., 2016. Declines in Crime and Teen Childbearing: Identifying Potential Explanations for Contemporaneous Trends. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, pp.1-30.  PMCID:PMC5040460

Colen, C.G., Ramey, D.M., Is Breast Truly Best? Estimating the Effects of Breastfeeding on Long-term Child Health and Wellbeing in the United States Using Sibling Comparisons, Social Science & Medicine (2014) May;109:55-65. PMCID:PMC4077166

Clouston, Sean A.P., Marcie S. Rubin, Cynthia G. Colen, Bruce G. Link. 2014. Social Inequalities in Suicide: The Role of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors. American Journal of Epidemiology 180:696-704.