Livestock movements and disease transmission in the Chad Basin: Modeling risks for animals and humans

Body

Dr. Mark Moritz, Department of Anthropology
Rank at time of award: Assistant Professor

Abstract

Our team is seeking IPR seed grant funds to support a pilot study of the ecology of cholera
in the city of Maroua, Cameroon, which will allow us to write competitive proposals for NSF and NIH. The goal of the study is to examine why some neighborhoods have higher incidence rates of cholera than others and what the role of demographic, human health behavior, and environmental risk factors is. We will use an interdisciplinary approach, integrating spatial, ethnographic, epidemiological, and microbial analyses to better understand the ecology of infectious diseases in urban settings in sub-­‐Saharan Africa. Initially, we will focus on cholera, which is endemic in the Far North Province of Cameroon, but our study is designed such that we can use the same dataset – surveys of households and water management – in future studies of other diseases that spread through contaminated water, such as typhoid and hepatitis A. We are particularly interested in the research question whether cholera is endemic in Maroua due to environmental reservoirs or whether it is constantly reintroduced due to migratory movements of individuals traveling to and from the border regions of Nigeria (see also Dowell and Braden 2011; Piarroux et al. 2011). A greater understanding of the dynamics of the disease, will contribute to more effective control of cholera in the region.

 

 

Publications resulting from this seed grant   

2012. Moritz, Mark, Daniel Ewing, and Rebecca B. Garabed.  On Not Knowing Zoonotic Diseases: Pastoralists' Ethnoveterinary Knowledge in the Far North Region of Cameroon. Human Organization. 72(1): 1-11 PMCID:PMC3754808

2013. Healy, Jessica, Mark Moritz, and Rebecca B. Garabed.    What to do with chronically sick animals? Pastoralists' Management Strategies in the Far North Region of Cameroon. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 3:8. doi:10.1186/2041-7136 PMCID: PMC4193801

2014 .Ludi A, Ahmed Z, Pomeroy LW, Pauszek SJ, Smoliga GR, Moritz M, Dickmu S, Abdoulkadiri S, Arzt J, Garabed R, Rodriguez LL.  Serotype Diversity of Foot-and-Mouth-Disease Virus in Livestock without History of Vaccination in the Far North Region of Cameroon.  Transbound Emerg Dis. PMCID: PMC4499489

2014. Carothers, Courtney, Mark Moritz, Rebecca Zarger. Introduction: Conceptual, Methodological, Practical, and Ethical Challenges in Studying and Applying Indigenous Knowledge. Ecology and Society. 19(4):3.

2014. Ronald Romuald B. Vougat Ngom, Foyet Harquin Simplice, Rebecca Garabed, Roland Ziebe.  Antioxidant activity and phytochemical constituent of two plants used to manage foot and mouth disease in the Far North Region of Cameroon. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology. Jan-Mar; 4(1): 40–46.

2014. Djaouda, Moussa, Thomas Njine, Song Liang, Daniel Ebang Menye, Bouba Gake, Serge Hubert, Zebeze Togouet, Moise Nola.  Bacteriological quality of well water in Garoua, North Cameroon. Water Quality, Exposure and Health.

2015. Laura W Pomeroy, OItar N Bj0mstad, Hyeyoung Kim, Simon Dickmu Jumbo, Souley Abdoulkadiri, Rebecca Garabed.  Serotype-Specific Transmission and Waning Immunity of Endemic Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus in Cameroon. PLoS ONE. 10 (9). PMCID: PMC4556668

2015. Pomeroy, L.W., Bansal, S., Tildesley, M., Moreno Torres, K.I., Moritz, M., Xiao, N., Carpenter, T.E., and Garabed, R.B.  Data-driven models of foot-and-mouth disease dynamics: A review. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 

2015. Ningchuan Xiao, Shanshan Cai, Mark Moritz, Rebecca Garabed, Laura Pomeroy. Spatial and temporal characteristics of pastoral mobility in the Far North Region, Cameroon: Data analysis and modeling. PlosOne 10(7): e0131697. PMCID: PMC4495066 

2016. Hyeyoung Kim, Ningchuan Xiao, Mark Moritz, Rebecca Garabed, Laura Pomeroy.  Simulating the transmission of foot-and-mouth disease among mobile herds in the Far North Region, Cameroon, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 19(2):6.

2016. Mark Moritz.  'Big data's 'streetlight effect': where and how we look affects what we see'. Post for The Conversation, May 16, 2016.

Click here for Dr. Moritz's lab website

Click here for Dr. Moritz's NSF funding news!